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Instant Runoff Voting Links

Descriptions of IRV

Use of IRV for Private Elections (mostly in US)

  • The National Youth Rights Association uses IRV to elect its board members.
  • The Massachussetts Institute of Technology uses IRV to elect its student council president and the choice voting method of proportional representation to elect its undergraduate student government.
  • The University of California at Berkeley uses IRV to and a choice voting system to elect their officers. Their voting procedures are outlined in Article VII, Section 5 of their Constitution.
  • The Vassar College Student Government  Association adopted IRV in 2003 to elect their council representatives. 
  • The Chaine des Rotisseurs, Bailliage des Etats-Unis unites professional and amateur gastronomes in a private, not-for-profit society committed to promoting the culinary and hospitality arts and enology through example, education and camaraderie. It recently adopted preferential voting.
  • IRV used to elect Hugo Award winners  (one of two leading science fiction awards). Includes the count of the most recent election.
  • The American Psychological Association: With more than 150,000 members, APA is the largest association of psychologists worldwide and uses both IRV and choice-voting to elect its officers and board members.
  • The American Political Scince Association (APSA): With more than 14,000 members residing in over 70 countries worldwide, the American Political Science Association is the world's largest professional organization for the study of politics.
  • The American Philological Association: Founded in 1869, the American Philological Association (APA) is the principal learned society for Classical Studies in North America. Its by-laws spell out using preferential voting to elect its president.
  • The Consortium of College and Media Centers uses preferential voting for its elections (see page 10 of this .pdf document).
  • The Hugo Science Fiction Awards, also known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award, is given annually by the World Science Fiction Society uses IRV. 
  • Each year, The Campbell Science Fiction Award is given to the best new science fiction writer. 
  • The Heisman Trophy, the most prestigious award in college football, utilizes a ranked point system to choose the recipient. 
  • NCAA basketball uses a weighted ranked choice system for conference awards. 
  • Pacifica Radio: Bringing listeners, alternative, free speech community listener sponsored radio for over fifty years. 
  • Statute for both IRV and STV (.pdf) at Southern Cross University, a British school.
  • IRV election results from the House of Representatives elections in Australia.The NGO and Academic ICANN Study (NAIS) is an international project to review the nature of public representation in the Internet's domain name management organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). It said that more voter education should be done on IRV, but suggested a major value derived from the incentive it created for winners to build cross-national coalitions -- most voters ranked someone from their own country first.
  • Adminstrator describes ICANN's election held with IRV
  • Online IRV Poll  On this site you can vote in a sample poll using IRV or create your own IRV poll for your website.

IRV In Practice





  • The London Mayor's Race: a short report on the first IRV electionfor mayor of London and media coverage of the race by the Center's staff. May, 2000.
      Papua New Guinea
  • Papua New Guinea recently used IRV for national elections with great success.      
     New Zealand 
  • ACT : The Liberal Party of New Zealand uses OPV (Optional Preferential Voting) to nominate party candidates.   For more information on OPV.



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