HCR 2026

Background and Procedural Information

Republican Representative Jonathan Patton introduced House Concurrent Resolution 2026 on January 17, 2008.  The bill attempts to change Arizona’s five-person independent redistricting commission into an elected body where each U.S. Congressional district elects one commissioner.  The Arizona House of Representatives passed the Resolution on March 26, 2008.  As of July 21, 2008 it failed to pass out of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.   

Under the proposed legislation, are single-member districts a requirement or otherwise implied?

Partially.  The bill requires that there will be 30 legislative districts that each containing one Senator and two Representatives.    

Does the proposed legislation provide for Voting Rights Act compliance (e.g. can the commission use voter history information)?

Yes.  H.C.R. 2026 lists six priorities in order of importance that commissioners should use to develop districts.  The second most important priority is compliance with the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act.  Party registration and voting history data are to be excluded from the initial phase of the mapping process but may be used to test maps for compliance with the above goals. The places of residence of incumbents or candidates will not be identified or considered. 

Under the proposed legislation, how is the commission formed?

Each U.S. Congressional district will elect one commissioner in years ending in zero.  There are no restrictions on the party affiliation of the commissioners.

Under the proposed legislation, are competitive districts favored?

H.C.R. 2026 lists six priorities in order of importance that commissioners should use to develop districts.  The sixth priority is for competitive districts.  Competitive districts should be used only when they do not interfere with the other five goals.  

Under the proposed legislation, can members of the public submit plans?

No.  The independent redistricting commission will advertise a draft map of congressional districts and a draft map of legislative districts to the public for comment.  The public can then comment for make a comment for 30 days.  

Does the proposed legislation allow for mid-decade redistricting?

Yes.  Mid-decade redistricting is not mentioned, but there are no restrictions preventing it from being used.  

May 14th 2008
Is the House of Representatives Too Small?

The U.S. House of Representatives has been at 435 members since 1911, when the country was a third of its current population. Research suggests that districts may now be getting too big for adequate representation.

November 15th 2006
Redistricting Reconsidered
Washington Post

Citing FairVote's Dubious Democracy 2006, an editorial notes that non-competition in U.S. House races has causes more fundamental than gerrymandering.

November 1st 2006
Lines of demarcation
Dallas-Fort Worth Star-Telegram

FairVote research cited in this commentary on lopsided redistricting, uncompetitive districts and the party primary battles they inspire.

October 30th 2006
Electile Dysfunction?
News Release Wire

Former FairVote President Matthew Cossolotto calls for a range of reforms, highlighting two problems of American democracy: "counting the votes" and "making votes count."

August 19th 2006
Eliminate districts
Contra Costa Times

CA resident calls for proportional voting in one statewide district as a congressional redistricting reform.

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