HCR 2026

Background and Procedural Information

Republican Representative Jonathan Patton introduced House Concurrent Resolution 2026 on January 17, 2008.  The bill attempts to change Arizona’s five-person independent redistricting commission into an elected body where each U.S. Congressional district elects one commissioner.  The Arizona House of Representatives passed the Resolution on March 26, 2008.  As of July 21, 2008 it failed to pass out of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.   

Under the proposed legislation, are single-member districts a requirement or otherwise implied?

Partially.  The bill requires that there will be 30 legislative districts that each containing one Senator and two Representatives.    

Does the proposed legislation provide for Voting Rights Act compliance (e.g. can the commission use voter history information)?

Yes.  H.C.R. 2026 lists six priorities in order of importance that commissioners should use to develop districts.  The second most important priority is compliance with the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act.  Party registration and voting history data are to be excluded from the initial phase of the mapping process but may be used to test maps for compliance with the above goals. The places of residence of incumbents or candidates will not be identified or considered. 

Under the proposed legislation, how is the commission formed?

Each U.S. Congressional district will elect one commissioner in years ending in zero.  There are no restrictions on the party affiliation of the commissioners.

Under the proposed legislation, are competitive districts favored?

H.C.R. 2026 lists six priorities in order of importance that commissioners should use to develop districts.  The sixth priority is for competitive districts.  Competitive districts should be used only when they do not interfere with the other five goals.  

Under the proposed legislation, can members of the public submit plans?

No.  The independent redistricting commission will advertise a draft map of congressional districts and a draft map of legislative districts to the public for comment.  The public can then comment for make a comment for 30 days.  

Does the proposed legislation allow for mid-decade redistricting?

Yes.  Mid-decade redistricting is not mentioned, but there are no restrictions preventing it from being used.  

June 18th 2006
Where politicians dare to tread
San Francisco Chronicle

The San Francisco Chronicle editorial board endorses the British Columbia Citizens Assembly approach to electoral reform, specifically noting the potential for proportional representation in California.

March 21st 2006
Real redistricting reform is proportional representation
San Francisco Examiner

Rob Dickinson of Californians for Electoral Reform writes a commentary on how recent proposals to make the redistricting process fairer miss the mark. For real progress in how we elect our representatives, we need to turn to proportional voting.

March 1st 2006
Tanner redistricting bill gains Senate sponsor
The Hill

Senator Tim Johnson introduced a companion bill to Rep. John Tanner's federal redistricting reform legislation. The identical bills, supported by FairVote, would set up state commissions to handle redistricting only once a decade.

December 20th 2005
Overhaul of state electoral system sought

Following on the heels of the defeat of redistricting reform in California, Republican and Democratic legislators plan on introducing legislation to create a citizens assembly for election reform and discuss proportional voting for the state.

December 11th 2005
A Dramatic Idea for Election Reform
New York Times

A Times reader highlights the fundamental weakness of any single-member district-based system: gerrymandering is unavoidable.

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