From an e-mail message by a Carleton student:
Here's a success story for IRV supporters. The Carleton Student
Association at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota will use Instant Runoff Voting to elect officers to the student government in the next few weeks. Carleton already uses cumulative voting for its Senate and other bodies, but has relied on plurality voting for executive positions.
How did this happen? I made a presentation to Senate that the election guidelines in its by-laws elected officers without majority support. Using the packet developed by the Center for Voting and Democracy, I showed how IRV elections are fairer and more democratic. As an additional important point, I noted how the plurality system discourages students from running. With IRV, Carleton might have more participation.
My proposal (which I made having no official status within student government) was passed on to Policy Committee. I went to Policy Committee meetings to answer questions about IRV, and they were impressed.
An ironic twist in the story is that, known to no one, IRV was already built into the constitution. However, since nobody knew what was meant by "preferential voting," the by-laws were later drafted for a plurality system.
As a way to ensure the success of IRV, I applied and interviewed for an replacement appointment on the Senate. I was nominated by the proper committee and confirmed by the Senate. Since becoming a Senator, I've been involved with the IRV ad-hoc committee and I can also help as part of the election Task Force.
Since I have full voting rights now as a Senator, I look forward to
approving an upcoming measure to get the by-laws in line with our IRV-friendly constitution.
Currently, the webmaster is developing an input system for the elections, and there should be a test system ready by the end of the weekend. We're using ChoicePlus Lite, or possibly some in-house solution.
A nice surprise is that the change to IRV is happening the same year that I got the ball rolling. It looks like it's a good thing, too, since we expect to have at least three people running for President, and about five for Vice President (there aren't joint tickets at Carleton).
So for those interested in getting IRV implemented, try making a proposal to lawmakers and then get appointed/elected as a lawmaker. It worked for me.
Good luck in all your efforts to promote IRV around the country!
Arizona State University
|Uses “preferential voting” to elect members of the Academic Assembly via e-mail.|
|Bates College|| Uses instant runoff voting to select RA Officers.|
[Read Bates College Student Government Elections and Judiciary Committee Guidelines]
|The California Institute of Technology|
Associated Students of the California Institute of Technology use IRV
to elect their Vice-President (Board of Control Chairperson), the Board of
Control Secretary and the Interhouse Committee Chairperson and the Conduct Review Committee Student Chairman. See Article VIII, Section 5 & 6 of the ASCIT Constitution here.
|California State University at Chico|
IRV has been adopted in 2005 by the college student government.Since then, the voter turnout has been increasing, the Spring 2008 elections reaching the highest turnout ever. [Read the Student Press Coverage]
|California Polytechnic State University|
The California Polytechnic State University's ASI adopted IRV in 2007 for its Presidential ticket election. According to the ASI Bylaw 22.214.171.124, "The Presidential Election ballot shall include provisions necessary for Instant Runoff Voting such that in the event that no candidate receives a majority of the vote a winner will be determined based on the ranking of candidates by each Member at the duly held election."
[Spring 2008 Elections Results]
[The Mustang Daily Student Press Coverage]
[ASI Voter Guide - IRV-]
[Mustang Daily Article on IRV adoption]
voting is used at Carleton when more than two candidates are running for the
following offices: President, Vice President, Treasurer, Committee on Student Life
Co-Chair/Liaison, Intercampus Liaison, Admissions and Financial Aid
Committee Liaison, and Education and Curriculum Committee Liaison.
If no majority wins a seat, IRV is implemented.
|Claremont-McKenna College|| IRV is used to elect the President, Vice President, Social Affairs Council Chair, Dormitory Affairs Council Chair, Student Life Council Chair, and Class Presidents.|
[Read the Associated Students of Claremont-McKenna College Constitutuion Article 2(f)(ii)]
Council at this Massachusetts university held its first instant runoff election for all student offices in 2003. One of Clark's lead organizers at the time, Zo Tobi, has been with FairVote on choice voting efforts in Davis, California.
|Clemson University|| Clemson
University's Undergraduate Student Senate uses IRV for its internal
student senate officer elections. For the offices of Student Senate
President, Pro Tempore, Secretary and Clerk, IRV will be used.*|
|College of William and Mary|
The Student Assembly at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA approved IRV for student elections in 2002. Undergraduate class officers as well as the presidential ticket of the student assembly are elected through Instant Runoff Voting.
|Columbia University|| Uses IRV for Student Council Elections, starting with the April 2009 elections.|
[Read article on IRV in Columbia Spectator]
|Community College of Baltimore County|| Used to elect the chair of the College Senate.|
[Read the College Senate Bylaws]
|Connecticut College|| Student Government Association uses instant runoff voting for all elections.|
[Read Connecticut College Student Government Association Wiki]
Cornell University students use IRV to elect two Student-Elected Trustees who serve as full-voting members of Cornell University's Board of Trustees. IRV is referenced as "the Hare System" in all Cornell legal documents.
Student Assembly holds IRV elections since 2005. The assembly has developed an online voting site within weeks of passing
the by-law. Thus, the elections for Student Body President and Vice President are conducted through instant runoff voting.
|Duke University || |
Duke’s Student Government has been electing its six
executive committee members through IRV since Fall 2004. Since then, IRV has been applied to all elections to make sure "the winner of all elections will be determined by a majority" as precised in the election bylaw number 6.
|Emory Law School|| Used for Student Bar Association elections.|
[Read explanation of IRV on school's website]
|Georgetown University || |
Georgetown University's Student Association voted in April 2006 to implement IRV for their presidential elections. In fall 2006 students approved IRV for student Senate elections by a margin of ten-to-one. They held a remarkably successful election that October over the Internet. They have used IRV for all student Senate elections since being adopted, except in 2009. Voted to restore it for the 2010 elections.
[Read the GUSA Constitution- Article II, Section 2]
[Read the Hoya Article about Spring 2008 IRV Elections.]
Graduate Dormitory Council, the Graduate Music Forum and the Graduate
Student Council each use IRV for their internal executive position
elections.As for the President/Vice President of the Undergraduate Student Council, STV (Single Transferable Vote, also called "the hare proportional voting system") is used.
College used IRV for the first time during the 2003-04 academic year.
Voter participation doubled and students said they were happy with the
immediate results. The voting system (also called rank voting system) is currently used for all student association elections.
|Humboldt State University|| Set to adopt instant runoff voting for student elections sometime in the near future.|
|Johns Hopkins University|
JHU used instant runoff voting for the first time during its freshman student council elections in the fall of 1999.*
|Lewis and ClarkCollege|
Instant Runoff Voting and Choice Voting as defined in the article IV of the Associated Students' Bylaws have been adopted by this student government to "ensure that all ASLC
elections are maximally representative and that each vote of an ASLC
member counts." They are also defined as "the most democratic methods for
counting votes in ASLC elections". Thus, Instant Runoff Voting is used for single-seat elections and Choice Voting is used for multi-seat elections.
Luther College in Iowa adopted IRV in the Spring of 2003. At first, the Student Government used IRV only for electing the President, Vice-President and Secretary, but this will be expanded to include class representatives to the Student Senate.*
IRV was adopted in Spring 2003 at Macalester for the election of executive positions on the Student Council, and is now a part of the Student Government's Constitution (Article V). Use of IRV has expanded to become the preferred method of voting for all one-seat elections.
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)|
students use instant runoff voting for all of their student government
elections including President, Vice-President, class councils and
Student Senate. Its Web site includes detailed breakdowns of the
transfer of votes within each election since 2000. [See the MIT Election Results and Archives.]
The McMaster Students Union uses IRV for presidential elections with more than two candidates.
|North Carolina State University|
In March 2008, North Carolina State University students used IRV (Instant Runoff Voting) and STV (Single Transferable Voting) for their elections for the first time. The Student Body President, the Student Senate President, the Student Body Treasurer, the Student Body Chief Justice, the Student Centers President, the Union Activities Board President, Senior Class Presidents and Leaders of the pack are elected through IRV. In the meantime, Student Senators, Student Centers Board of Directors and the Student Media Board are elected through STV.
The idea of changing the voting method for student elections came after Cary (NC) residents elected their mayor with the IRV system in October 2007. [Read the bill]
[See the Technician Online Coverage.]
[Spring 2008 Election Results.]
[See a Sample Ballot ]
Also, see the Technician's breakdown of how IRV works.
| Began using IRV in to elect members of the Student Senate in 2009. |
|Portland State University|
State overwhelmingly approved of IRV for key Associated Students races
79 to 21 percent after the Student Senate unanimously passed the
measure in Feb. 2005. All the major candidate slates supported IRV. In
2006, the first IRV election enabled three slates to run, and resulted
in a 51 to 49 percent tally between the strongest slates. IRV is currently used for the President/VP ticket and the Student Fee Committee Chair.
Undergraduate Student Government uses single transferable voting for its Senatorial and U-Council elections since 2003. Executive
officer positions are excluded from this voting rule. The Assembly also uses IRV for balloting by Assembly and parliamentary elections.
Rice Student Association uses IRV to elect its members of single
offices. One of the school's most recent elections for President
included six candidates and 11 rounds of voting.
The Reed Student Body Elections Code (as amended in April 2001) provides for IRV in its Presidential and Vice-Presidential elections.*
|Santa Fe College|
Santa Fe College was the first Community College (it recently became a College) in the U.S using IRV for its student elections. In March 2008, the Student Association President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer have been elected thanks to IRV. This first election has been a real success among the SFCC student community.
[See the Student Government Constitution, Article VI, Section 2]
[Student Press Coverage.]
[Read the Center for Student Leadership and Activities at SFCC's Report]
|Shoreline Community College|| Uses instant runoff voting to elect the President, the Minister of Government, the Minister of Constitutional Affairs, the Minister of Communications, and the Chancellor of the United Club Council.|
[Read Student Body Association Bylaws]
|Sonoma State University|
the adoption of IRV in San Francisco's city council elections, the
students of Sonoma State University decided to move to IRV themselves for general elections.
Sonoma State elections using IRV started in the 2004-05 academic year.*
|Stanford University |
2001, the Associated Students of Stanford University adopted instant
runoff voting for executive offices and class presidencies. Since then, Stanford has continued to avoid costly and
inconvenient runoff elections.
[See the Spring 2008 Official Results]
Tufts student body approved a new constitution for the Tufts Community
Union in 2003. IRV was included in the new version both for the presidential
election, Senate in-house elections and TCUJ in-house elections.
|University of California at Berkeley|
Associated Students of the University of California at Berkeley has used IRV (which they call the alternate vote) to elect its Executive Officers since 2002.
|University of California at Davis|
Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates of the Associated
Students of the University of California at Davis are elected together
through IRV since 2005. The Senate is elected via Single Transferrable Vote.
|University of California at Los Angeles|
Graduate Students Association's executive officers, including the
President and Vice-Presidents on Internal, External and Academic Affairs, are elected through IRV since April 2006.
|University of California Merced|| Uses IRV for election of Executive Officers. |
|University of California at San Diego|
One of the most recent adoption of IRV. In March 2008, UCSD students used IRV for the first time to elect their President, Vice President, Academic Senators and College Senators.
[See the Standing Rules of the AS of UCSD]
[Press Release on the adoption of IRV]
|University of California at Santa Barbara|| UC Santa Barbara use instant runoff voting for all executive offices.|
[Read Sections 8 & 9 of The Associated Students' Legal Code]
|University of Iowa|
In March 2006, the President and the Vice President of the UI Student Government have been elected thanks to IRV for the first time. They ran under party tickets and platforms. Senators are also elected using this method- for humanies, fine arts, nursing, natural sciences, social sciences, business, education, and engineering (areas of study) and at-large senators get voted in this way as well. Since then, voter turnout has increased significantly. After the 2008 elections the Daily Iowan reports: "A record-setting 32.53 percent of eligible students voted in the UISG electronic runoff ballot, casting 6,357 votes".
[Read the Daily Iowan Article about IRV in U.S Universities]
|University of Minnesota|
In the 3rd amendment to its constitution, the University of Minnesota Student Association
stated the President and Vice-President shall be elected using IRV.
|University of Minnesota School of Physics and Astronomy||Uses a “secret ballot using instant runoff voting” to elect officers for its Grad Phi community.|
|University of Oklahoma|
University of Oklahoma Student Association (UOSA) held its first
IRV election - a four-way race for president - in March
2005. The chief election administrator and all candidates
described the online instant runoff election as a
| University of Toledo|| Uses instant runoff voting for all Student Government Elections.|
[Read Student Government Election Rules]
|University of Virginia|
University Board of Elections, established in 2003, staged a mock 2004
U.S. presidential race using IRV. Pitting incumbent George W. Bush
against a half-dozen challengers, the election resulted in a 3.2 percent
margin of victory for senator John Kerry (D-MA).
|University of Washington|
Student Government at the University of Washington has adopted instant
runoff voting for single-winner elections, and the Undergraduate
Student Government recently decided to implement IRV in their
|University of Wisconsin|
The United Council of University of Wisconsin Students has adopted IRV to elect the president of its General Assembly, a body of about 150 representatives from schools across Wisconsin. The United Council is the nation's oldest, largest and strongest statewide student association, representing more than 145,000 students at 24 UW System Campuses.*
During Sept. 2002, the Vassar Student Association voted nearly unanimously
to adopt instant runoff voting and the choice voting form of full
representation for future student elections. In 2004, IRV and STV have been used for the first time to elect representatives for the freshman council, campus committees and the President. During the Spring 2008 student elections, all elections were held through IRV and STV (for the Judicial Board Representatives and Student Representatives).
|Western Washington University|| The Student Senate uses instant runoff voting to elect its Vice-Chair and Parliamentarian.|
[Read Western Washington University Associated Student Bylaws 3.5 and 3.7.1]
The Associated Students of Whitman
IRV for its single-seat elections (Executive Council Elections) and choice voting (aka STV) to elect its
Student Senate. Choice Voting is also used for Student Senate special elections and in case of interim IRV can be used as well.
| Uses IRV ballots through e-mail. |
* We are seeking verification for current use.