West Virginia's Redistricting

West Virginia's Redistricting News

All information below is from early 2001

West Virginia�s Political Lineup







State Senate

33D, 1R

28D, 6R

State House

74D, 26R

75D, 25R

US Senators



US Reps


2D, 1R


Redistricting Deadline


Who�s in Charge of Redistricting?

The legislature. The governor has veto power over both congressional and state legislative district plans.

Districting Principles



State Legis.







Political subdivisions

Communities of interest



Cores of prior districts



Protect incumbents



VRA � 5



  + = required               - = prohibited

Public Access

No public hearings are scheduled. There is a possibility that proposed plans will be posted on a website.

Political Landscape

West Virginia lost one U.S. House seat following the last redistricting cycle. This forced two Democratic incumbents to run against each other in the primaries. In 2001, the state will need to be redrawn significantly because of a major shift in population, with the 2nd congressional district picking up seats at the expense of the 3rd.

Legal Issues

West Virginia's congressional district plan was challenged on equal population grounds in 1992; the overall deviation from equality was 0.09 percent. The plaintiffs alleged that the legislature had no compelling reason for such deviations, but the federal court disagreed. The court found that the population deviations were necessary to preserve the inner cores of previous districts, a legitimate interest.

In 1993, the state legislative district plan was challenged in federal court on equal population grounds as well. The court refused to consider the plan's overall population deviation range of 9.97% as preliminary evidence of an equal protection violation. The court found for the defendants. The generally recognized legal threshold is 10%.

Irregularly Shaped District
District 2

� Center�Charleston, Eastern Panhandle

� Democratic incumbent, but swing district

� Economically diverse

� 96% white; 3% black


Contact Information

 Teresa Bowe

 Legislative Analyst

 Office of Legislative Services

 Room E-132 State Capitol

 Charleston, WV 25305


 304/347-4825 Fax

 [email protected]

For more information:

National Committee for an Effective Congress' Redistricting Resource: West Virginia

EMILY's List Congressional Redistricting Report: West Virginia
-West Virginia Redistricting Chronicle


Redistricting Provisions 2000


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