Lower/Single House Elections in the World's Democracies
This chart lists the different voting systems used by full-fledged democracies defined as nations with a Freedom House Average Freedom score of 1 or 2 and a population of at least two million. Proportional voting systems are by far the most common. Of the eight nations that do not use proportional voting for their most powerful national legislative body, three (Australia, France and the United Kingdom) use it for at least one national election.

Country Proportional Voting  
 Mixed SMD-PV
 Australia SMD (irv)  

 Canada SMD
 Costa Rica
 Czech Republic
 Dominican Republic 
 France SMD (mr)
 GermanyPV  (mmpv)   
 Ghana SMD  
 Hungary  Mixed (pv) 
 IrelandPV  (choice)   
 Italy  Mixed (smd) 
 Japan  Mixed (smd) 
 Korea, South
  Mixed (smd) 
 Lithuania  Mixed (equal) 
 Mali SMD (mr)  
 Mongolia SMD  

 New Zealand
PV  (mmpv)   

 South Africa
 Taiwan  Mixed (smd) 
 United Kingdom
 United States


Democracy = A  2007 Freedom House Average Freedom score of 2 or less.
Includes only countries with more than two million inhabitants.

IRV: Instant Runoff Voting (also called "alternative vote")
MMPV: Mixed-Member Proportional Voting
MR: Majority Runoff
PV: Proportional Voting
SMD: Single-Member Districts
Choice Voting: Also called "Single-Transferable Vote" (STV)

Note: For the Mixed Systems, SMD or PV signifies that the SMD or PV component is dominant.

Source: Mark P. Jones, Professor of Political Science, Rice University

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A better election system
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Election expert Doug Amy explains how choice voting can "inject new blood" into the elections of Lowell (MA), and give voters a greater incentive to participate.

October 16th 2009
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In Detroit, there have been three mayors in the past two years and the current one has come under scrutiny. Perhaps a system like instant runoff voting will help bring political stability to motor city.

August 21st 2009
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Limited voting, a form of proportional voting, will be used in Euclid (OH), in the hopes of allowing better representation of minorities.

July 2nd 2009
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New York Times

FairVote's Rob Richie responds in a letter to the editor making the case for proportional voting systems to bring substantive reform to New York's legislature.