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North Carolina: 
What PR super districts might look like

This map is an example of how full representation voting systems -- such as choice voting, one-vote voting and cumulative voting can be vehicles for providing fair representation for black voters.  Twelve old U.S. House districts have been replaced by four larger "super districts" A, B, C, and D. 

The voting-age-populations (VAP) and black share of these populations are shown below the map.  The percentage of votes necessary to win is based on use of a full representation voting system. Note how a state with currently one black-majority district and one black House member might easily have three black members with this plan.

In 1967,Congress passed a law requiring states to use one-seat U.S. House districts. This year, Congressman Mel Watt has introduced a bill called the States' Choice of Voting Systems Act (HR 1173) which would lift this requirement.  Similar super-district plans could be used for local and state redistricting plans in 2001-2.

 
 
Eastern District  A
3 seats
Northern District  B
3 seats
Population:  1,645,672 1,655,100
Population per seat: 548,557 551,700
Winning Percentage: 25% 25%
Non-white % of VAP: 31% 25%
Voting Rights Analysis: Black voters could elect
a candidate of choice.
Black voters could elect 
a candidate of choice.
        
   Southern District  C
3 seats
Western District  D
3 seats
Population:  1,667,658 1,660,207
Population per seat: 555,886 553,402
Winning Percentage: 25% 25%
Non-white % of VAP: 27% 9%
Voting Rights Analysis: Black voters could elect
a candidate of choice.
Black voters could elect 
a candidate with support of white voters.

 

These particular super districts do not merge the old House districts. Instead, they respect the boundaries of cities and counties, as shown on the more detailed map below.

For more information, contact:

The Center for Voting and Democracy
www.fairvote.org

cvdusa@aol.com
301-270-4616