This map is an example of how full representation voting systems -- such as choice voting, one-vote voting and cumulative voting ñ can be vehicles for providing fair representation for black voters. Existing U.S. House districts, numbered 1 through 5, have been combined into two larger "super districts", A and B. The voting-age-populations (VAP) and black share of these populations are shown below. The percentage of votes necessary to win is based on use of a full representation voting system.
Note how a state with currently one black-majority district and one black House member might easily have two black members with this plan. Using a similar technique, we were able to draw super-district plans that likely would increase the number of black U.S. House representatives from Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia.
In 1967,Congress passed a law requiring states to use one-seat U.S. House districts. This year, Congressman Mel Watt has introduced a bill called the States' Choice of Voting Systems Act (HR 1173) which would lift this requirement. Similar super-district plans could be used for local and state redistricting plans in 2001-2.
|Northern District A
|Population per seat:||359,981||368,831|
|Black % of VAP:||38.1%||27.2%|
|Voting Rights Analysis:||Black voters could elect a candidate of choice.||Black voters could elect a candidate of choice.|
For more information, contact:The Center for Voting and Democracy