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Florida
What PR super-districts might look like

This map is an example of how full representation voting systems -- such as choice voting, one-vote voting and cumulative voting can be vehicles for providing fair representation of minority voters.  Existing U.S. House districts, numbered 1 through 23, have been combined into six larger "super districts", labeled A through E. 

The voting-age-populations (VAP) and black share of these populations are shown below.  The percentage of votes necessary to win is based on use of a full representation voting system.

In 1967,Congress passed a law requiring states to use one-seat U.S. House districts. This year, Congressman Mel Watt has introduced a bill called the States' Choice of Voting Systems Act (HR 1173) which would lift this requirement.  Similar super-district plans could be used for local and state redistricting plans in 2001-2.

 
District  A,  3 seats District  B,  5 seats
Population: 1,683,410 2,887,278
Population per seat: 561.137 577,456
Winning Percentage: 25% 16.7%
Non-white % of VAP: 15.3% 19%
Black % of VAP 12.8%
Latino % of VAP   4.5%
Voting Rights Analysis:  Minority voters could join other 
voters to elect one candidate.
Minority voters could join other 
voters to elect one candidate.
 
District  C,  3 seats
Population: 1,685,713
Population per seat: 561,904
Winning Percentage: 25%
Non-white % of VAP: 16.7%
Voting Rights Analysis:  Minority voters could join other voters to elect one candidate.
     
District  D,  3 seats
Population: 1,574,342
Population per seat: 524,781
Winning Percentage: 25%
Non-white % of VAP: 11.1%
Voting Rights Analysis:  Minority voters could join other voters to elect one candidate.
 
District  E,  5 seats District  F,  4 seats
Population: 2,888,890 2,167,217
Population per seat: 577,778 541,804
Winning Percentage: 16.7% 20%
Non-white % of VAP: 17.8% 62.3%
Black % of VAP 10.1% 14.9%
Latino % of VAP   6.4% 46.1
Voting Rights Analysis: Minority voters could elect 
a candidate of choice.
Minority voters could elect 
three candidates of choice.

For more information, contact:

The Center for Voting and Democracy
www.fairvote.org

cvdusa@aol.com
301-270-4616