Electoral Reform in
Scotland is one of the newest countries to use a full
representation electoral system. Over the past several years, there was a
growing movement in Scotland to reform their electoral process in an effort to
make the parliament more representative of the Scottish population.
the implementation of proportional representation by a single transferable vote
would allow the Scottish parliament to gain more power from Westminster, and
greater develop coalitions within the parliament.
negotiated by the Scottish Liberal Democrats, Scotland passed the Local Governance Act on June
23, 2004. It introduced proportional
representation for Scottish local government for 2007 elections, using 3-4
member wards. The
measure passed 96/18 with 2 abstentions.
Officials hope the the adoption of
proportional representation will offer a real balance of local opinion, and
prevent party domination that has existed in previous years. Also, the use
of proportional representation will allow for more constructive compromise and
consensus building between political parties.
Links to organizations that
promote proportional representation in Scotland:
Scotland's Campaign for Local Democracy is a cross-party organization
campaigning for the introduction of the Single Transferable Vote (STV) system of
proportional representation for Scottish local elections.
Reform Society (ERS), campaigns for improvements in democracy
throughout the United Kingdom, specifically the implementation of proportional
representation by a single transferable vote, or PR-STV.
a copy of the Local
coverage of Scotland's adoption of proportional representation:
The Scotsman: Birth
of a Grassroots Transformation. An analysis of how the adoption
of choice voting in Scotland will impact the political landscape. June 26,
The Scotsman: PR
Voting Will Loosen Labour Hold on Local Authorities Scotland's
decision to adopt choice voting by an overwhelming majority may alter the
political balance within the Parliament. June 24, 2004.
The Glasgow Evening Times: Go-Ahead
for new Election System. Brian Currie discusses Scotland's likelihood
to adopt a proportional representation system. June 23, 2004.
The Herald: Voters
Support Election Reforms. In a survey by Fairshare, ordinary
electors were found to support a change to a electoral system of single
transferable vote. June 22, 2004.
The Scotsman: How
we Scots vote should be up to us. Margo MacDonald argues that the
Scottish parliament (rather than Westminster) should decide on what the voting
system should be. The piece also gives an overview of where the different
parties stand on the issue of electoral reform. February 11, 2004.