HCR 2026

Background and Procedural Information

Republican Representative Jonathan Patton introduced House Concurrent Resolution 2026 on January 17, 2008.  The bill attempts to change Arizona’s five-person independent redistricting commission into an elected body where each U.S. Congressional district elects one commissioner.  The Arizona House of Representatives passed the Resolution on March 26, 2008.  As of July 21, 2008 it failed to pass out of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.   

Under the proposed legislation, are single-member districts a requirement or otherwise implied?

Partially.  The bill requires that there will be 30 legislative districts that each containing one Senator and two Representatives.    

Does the proposed legislation provide for Voting Rights Act compliance (e.g. can the commission use voter history information)?

Yes.  H.C.R. 2026 lists six priorities in order of importance that commissioners should use to develop districts.  The second most important priority is compliance with the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act.  Party registration and voting history data are to be excluded from the initial phase of the mapping process but may be used to test maps for compliance with the above goals. The places of residence of incumbents or candidates will not be identified or considered. 

Under the proposed legislation, how is the commission formed?

Each U.S. Congressional district will elect one commissioner in years ending in zero.  There are no restrictions on the party affiliation of the commissioners.

Under the proposed legislation, are competitive districts favored?

H.C.R. 2026 lists six priorities in order of importance that commissioners should use to develop districts.  The sixth priority is for competitive districts.  Competitive districts should be used only when they do not interfere with the other five goals.  

Under the proposed legislation, can members of the public submit plans?

No.  The independent redistricting commission will advertise a draft map of congressional districts and a draft map of legislative districts to the public for comment.  The public can then comment for make a comment for 30 days.  

Does the proposed legislation allow for mid-decade redistricting?

Yes.  Mid-decade redistricting is not mentioned, but there are no restrictions preventing it from being used.  

 
November 10th 2005
Why Redistricting and Campaign Reform Are Both Still Relevant
TPM Cafe

This political column cites FairVote as it points to the value of getting rid of winner-take-all elections to as the next step in redistricting reform.

November 2nd 2005
Gerrymander may help GOP in '06
The Napa Valley Registrer

An article that cites FairVote on why Gerrymandering harms elections and has an impact on skewed results.

November 2nd 2005
California, Ohio to vote on redistricting changes
Washington Post

FairVote's Rob Richie gets the last word on lack of voter choice in our elections, as this wire article reports on redistricting reform efforts in California and Ohio.

November 2nd 2005
How Money Buys Power in American Politics

Francis X. Clines, an editorial board member for the New York Times, writes on national politics, gerrymandering and the resultant decreased competitiveness in Congressional elections. Fairvote is cited.

October 27th 2005
To Tame Polarization Of Politics, Fix Our Redistricting System
Roll Call

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