SB 1122
Background and procedural information
Senate Bill 1122, which is still in committee, creates a Screening Panel that will nominate a group of potential members for an Independent Redistricting Committee. If this bill passes, it will be put onto the ballot as an initiative.

Under the proposed legislation, are single-member districts a requirement or otherwise implied?
No. The proposed legislation does not discuss the standards to be used in redistricting.

Does the proposed legislation provide for Voting Rights Act compliance (e.g. can the commission use voter history information)?
No. The proposed legislation does not discuss the standards to be used in redistricting.

Under the proposed legislation, how is the commission formed?

The proposed legislation lays out detailed plans that form a commission of 11 members as follows:
1)    The North Carolina Election Directors Association and the North Carolina Election Boards Association meet jointly and nominate 10 people for a Screening Panel. To be eligible for the Screening Panel, a person must be a current or retired county election director or election board member. The Screening Panel will be comprised of four members from each of the two major political parties, and two members that are not associated with any political party.
2)    Once 10 people are nominated for the Screening Panel, the names of the nominees are submitted to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Minority Leader for the Senate, the Speaker of the House, and the Minority Leader for the House. The nominees gain positions on the Screening Panel if there are no objections within five days of notification.
3)    Once the Screening Panel is in place, it establishes an application and screening process by which any citizen residing in North Carolina can apply to be on the Independent Redistricting Committee.
4)    Of those who apply for a position on the Committee, the Screening Panel must choose 55 candidates. These candidates must be comprised of 20 people from each of the two major political parties, and 15 people not associated with either of the two major political parties.
5)    These 55 candidates are then submitted to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Minority Leader in the Senate, the Speaker of the House, and the Minority Leader of the House. Each may strike up to two candidates.
6)    The remaining candidates are submitted by the Principal Clerk of the House of Representatives to the State Board of Elections. The State Board of Elections then must randomly draw 4 of these candidates from each of the groups associated with the two major political parties, and 3 candidates from the group not associated with either of the two major political parties.
7)    The President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Minority Leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives are then presented with the list of 11 members, and are given five days to object.
8)    Failing any objection, these members become the Independent Redistricting Committee.


Under the proposed legislation, are competitive districts favored?

Neutral.*

Under the proposed legislation, can members of the public submit plans?

No. The proposed legislation does not discuss the standards to be used in redistricting.

Does the proposed legislation allow for mid-decade redistricting?

No. A new Commission is formed after every census and they may only redistrict once.

*Note: A proposal may be neutral on whether or not to favor competitive districts for a number of reasons, including that such a requirement may be thought to conflict with other criteria, potentially create other legal issues, or is assumed to flow from the new process itself -- or it might merely not be a priority for the legislative sponsors. FairVote believes that some form of proportional voting is needed to ensure maximum competitiveness for each seat and to ensure meaningful choices for all voters.

 
November 10th 2005
Why Redistricting and Campaign Reform Are Both Still Relevant
TPM Cafe

This political column cites FairVote as it points to the value of getting rid of winner-take-all elections to as the next step in redistricting reform.

November 2nd 2005
Gerrymander may help GOP in '06
The Napa Valley Registrer

An article that cites FairVote on why Gerrymandering harms elections and has an impact on skewed results.

November 2nd 2005
California, Ohio to vote on redistricting changes
Washington Post

FairVote's Rob Richie gets the last word on lack of voter choice in our elections, as this wire article reports on redistricting reform efforts in California and Ohio.

November 2nd 2005
How Money Buys Power in American Politics

Francis X. Clines, an editorial board member for the New York Times, writes on national politics, gerrymandering and the resultant decreased competitiveness in Congressional elections. Fairvote is cited.

October 27th 2005
To Tame Polarization Of Politics, Fix Our Redistricting System
Roll Call

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