HJR 1
Background and procedural information
House Joint Resolution 1 seeks to amend the Ohio Constitution to create a seven person redistricting commission. The bill is currently in committee.

Under the proposed legislation, are single-member districts a requirement or otherwise implied?

Yes. The bill specifically requires all Congressional and legislative districts to be single-member.

Does the proposed legislation provide for Voting Rights Act compliance (e.g. can the commission use voter history information)?

Yes. The bill requires that the redistricting commission comply with all federal laws, including but not limited to laws protecting minority voting rights.

Under the proposed legislation, how is the commission formed?

The commission is comprised of seven members. The Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, the President of the Senate, and the Minority Leader of the Senate each appoint one member. Those four members convene and must unanimously appoint the remaining three members. If the four members cannot unanimously agree on one or more of the appointed seats, each member must submit the name of a proposed appointee to the Governor, who must randomly choose a name. The Governor must repeat this process for each seat to be filled.

Under the proposed legislation, are competitive districts favored?
Yes. The bill favors competitive districts to the extent that they do not impede other redistricting standards laid forth.

Under the proposed legislation, can members of the public submit plans?
No. There is no mechanism created by which the public may submit plans, however, the bill does require all commission meetings to be open to the public.

Does the proposed legislation allow for mid-decade redistricting?

No. Redistricting is only to be done in years ending in “one,” unless a court finds a plan to be illegal.
 
November 10th 2005
Why Redistricting and Campaign Reform Are Both Still Relevant
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This political column cites FairVote as it points to the value of getting rid of winner-take-all elections to as the next step in redistricting reform.

November 2nd 2005
Gerrymander may help GOP in '06
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An article that cites FairVote on why Gerrymandering harms elections and has an impact on skewed results.

November 2nd 2005
California, Ohio to vote on redistricting changes
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FairVote's Rob Richie gets the last word on lack of voter choice in our elections, as this wire article reports on redistricting reform efforts in California and Ohio.

November 2nd 2005
How Money Buys Power in American Politics

Francis X. Clines, an editorial board member for the New York Times, writes on national politics, gerrymandering and the resultant decreased competitiveness in Congressional elections. Fairvote is cited.

October 27th 2005
To Tame Polarization Of Politics, Fix Our Redistricting System
Roll Call

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