SJR 59
Background and Procedural Information

On January 9, 2008 Virginia Democratic Senator John Miller introduced Virginia Senate Joint Resolution 59 (VA S.J.R. 59).  As of June 11, 2008 the bill is stalled in committee.

VA S.J.R. 59 would establish a five person independent commission that would present a plan for redistricting the Virginia legislative and congressional districts.   

Under the proposed legislation, are single-member districts a requirement or otherwise implied?

No.  Single-member districts are neither required nor otherwise implied.   

Does the proposed legislation provide for Voting Rights Act compliance (e.g. can the commission use voter history information)?

Yes.  The commission may not use “Demographic information, other than population counts, except as required by the constitution and laws of the United States.”

Under the proposed legislation, how is the commission formed?

The Virginia Supreme Court Justice will compile a list of fifteen retired Virginia judges who are willing to serve on the commission as commission candidates.  All commissioners chosen by the state’s political officers must be chosen from this candidate pool.  The Governor, Speaker of the House of Delegates, and President Pro Tem of the Senate each select one commissioner each.  If these three state officers are not all members of the same political party then they will then select two additional members.  If they are members of the same political party then they will select one additional commissioner and the minority leaders of the Senate and House will select the last commissioner.  The commission will vote to appoint its own chairman and create district maps by four affirmative votes.
Under the proposed legislation, are competitive districts favored?

No.  While there are standards the redistricting commission is required to use, fostering competition within the districts is not one of these criteria.   

Under the proposed legislation, can members of the public submit plans?

Yes.  Members of the public may attend public hearings and submit plans at these hearings.  However, the Commission will only look at plans “Subject to the constraints of time and convenience.”   

Does the proposed legislation allow for mid-decade redistricting?

Yes.  The commission can be reconstituted within the decade, but only if a court orders it.   
June 18th 2006
Where politicians dare to tread
San Francisco Chronicle

The San Francisco Chronicle editorial board endorses the British Columbia Citizens Assembly approach to electoral reform, specifically noting the potential for proportional representation in California.

March 21st 2006
Real redistricting reform is proportional representation
San Francisco Examiner

Rob Dickinson of Californians for Electoral Reform writes a commentary on how recent proposals to make the redistricting process fairer miss the mark. For real progress in how we elect our representatives, we need to turn to proportional voting.

March 1st 2006
Tanner redistricting bill gains Senate sponsor
The Hill

Senator Tim Johnson introduced a companion bill to Rep. John Tanner's federal redistricting reform legislation. The identical bills, supported by FairVote, would set up state commissions to handle redistricting only once a decade.

December 20th 2005
Overhaul of state electoral system sought

Following on the heels of the defeat of redistricting reform in California, Republican and Democratic legislators plan on introducing legislation to create a citizens assembly for election reform and discuss proportional voting for the state.

December 11th 2005
A Dramatic Idea for Election Reform
New York Times

A Times reader highlights the fundamental weakness of any single-member district-based system: gerrymandering is unavoidable.

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