AMY, DOUGLAS. Behind the Ballot Box: A Citizen's Guide to Voting Systems. New York: Praeger Publishing, 2000.
BOGDANOR, VERNON and DAVID BUTLER. Democracy and Elections: Electoral Systems and Their Political Consequences. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
BOIX, CARLES. "Setting the Rules of the Game: The Choice of Electoral Systems in Advanced Democracies." American Political Science Review 93 no. 3 (Sept. 1999) p. 609-24.
BRAMS, STEVEN J. and PETER C. FISHBURN, Approval Voting (Boston: Birkhauser, 1983).
COSSOLOTTO, MATTHEW. The Almanac of European Politics 1995. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 1995.
DARCY, R., SUSAN WELCH, and JANET CLARK. Women, Elections, and Representation. New York: Longman, 1987.
FARRELL, DAVID M. Comparing Electoral Systems. New York: Prentice Hall, 1997.
FARRELL, DAVID, MALCOLM MACKERRAS, and IAN MCALLISTER. "Designing Electoral Institutions: STV Systems and their Consequences." Political Studies (1996) XLIV, 24-43.
GROFMAN, BERNARD. "Alternatives to Single-Member Plurality Districts: Legal and Empirical Issues." Policy Studies Journal, special issue 3 (1980-81): 875-98.
GROFMAN, BERNARD, ed. Toward Fair and Effective Representation: Political Gerrymandering and the Courts. New York: Agathon, 1990.
GROFMAN, BERNARD and AREND LIJPHART, eds. Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences. New York: Agathon, 1986.
KATZ, RICHARD S. A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.
LAKEMAN, ENID. Power to Elect: The Case for Proportional Representation. London: Heinemann, 1982.
LAKEMAN, ENID and JAMES LAMBERT. Voting in Democracies. London: Faber and Faber, 1959.
LEDUC, LAWRENCE, RICHARD NIEMI, and PIPPA NORRIS, eds. Comparing Democracies: Elections and Voting in Global Perspective. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1996.
LIJPHART, AREND. Patterns of Democracy: Government forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.
----. Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
----. "Constitutional Choices for New Democracies." Journal of Democracy 2, no. 1 (Winter 1991): 72-84.
----. "Double-Checking the Evidence." Journal of Democracy 2, no. 3 (Summer 1991): 42-48.
----. "The Pattern of Electoral Rules in the United States: A Deviant Case Among the Industrialized Democracies." Government and Opposition 20 (Winter 1985), 18-28.
----. "The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws, 1945-1985." American Political Science Review 84, no. 2 (June 1990): 481-96.
LIJPHART, AREND and BERNARD GROFMAN, eds. Choosing an Electoral System: Issues and Alternatives. New York: Praeger, 1984.
MACKIE, TOM and RICHARD ROSE. International Almanac of Electoral History. Glasgow, Scotland: Center for the Study of Public Policy, University of Strathclyde, 1997.
NORRIS, PIPPA. Choosing electoral Systems: Proportional, Majoritarian, and Mixed Systems." International Political Science Review 18, no. 3 (July 1997), p. 297.
POWELL, G. BINGHAM. Elections as a Tool of Democracy: Majoritarian and Proportional Visions. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000.
RAE, DOUGLAS W. The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1971.
REYNOLDS, ANDREW and BEN REILLY. The International IDEA Handbook of Electoral System Design. Stockholm, Sweden: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 1997.
ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM. Report of the Royal Commission on the Electoral System: Towards a Better Democracy. Wellington, New Zealand: V.R. Ward, Government Printer, 1986.
TAAGEPERA, REIN and MATTHEW SOBERG SHUGART. Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1989.
ZIMMERMAN, JOSEPH F. "Alternative Local Election Systems." National Civic Review 79, no. 1 (January-February 1990): 23-36.