South Carolina Redistricting 2000

South Carolina’s Political Lineup

  1991

2001

Governor R D
State Senate 34D, 11R, 1 vacant 24R, 22 D
State House 74D, 42R, 1I, 7 vacant

53D, 71R

US Senators 1D, 1R 1D, 1R
US Reps 4D, 2R 2D, 4R

 

Public Access

Committee meetings on redistricting are open, as with meetings on any other bill, and citizens can also submit their own plans for consideration .  Both the Senate and House have redistricting pages with information, schedules, and maps.

Redistricting Deadline

None.

Who’s in Charge of Redistricting?

The legislature. The governor has veto power over congressional and state The Judiciary Committee in both houses have jurisdiction. legislative district plans.

Districting Principles 

Principle

Congressional

State Legis.

Compactness

+

+

Contiguity

+

+

Political subdivisions

+  + 

Communities of interest

+  + 

Cores of prior districts

+  + 

Protect incumbents

a

a

VRA 5

+

+

Adherence to applicable federal court decisions

+

+

  + = required               - = prohibited             a=allowed

  * Legislative: State Senate only

Legal Issues

South Carolina's 6th congressional district was challenged as a "racial gerrymander" twice. In 1993, a district court ruled it unconstitutional; the legislature made adjustments for the 1994 elections, but another suit was filed. In 1997, the case was settled before trial. The settlement agreement delayed the plaintiffs’ suit until after the General Assembly's 2000 session.

In 1996, several house and senate districts in the South Carolina General Assembly's legislative district plan were challenged as unconstitutional racial gerrymander. The trial court declared six house and three senate districts unconstitutional. The General Assembly passed a modified house plan, but the court ended up drawing a senate plan. Two black incumbent legislators were defeated in special elections in 1997, despite black adult populations of more than 40% in their new districts.

Political Landscape

South Carolina has divided partisan control over redistricting in 2001. A likely result is preservation of the current 4-2 Republican advantage in U.S. House districts, with Democrats seeking to shore up John Spratt’s 5th congressional district.

Contact Information

  Frank Caggiano
 Clerk of the Senate
 P.O. Box 142, State Capitol
 Columbia, SC 29202
 803/212-6200
 803/212-6299 Fax
 F55@legis.lpitr.state.sc.us

 Charles Reid
 Counsel to the Speaker
 P.O. Box 11867
 Columbia, SC 29211
 803/734-3125
 803/734-9488 Fax
 CFR@legis.lpitr.state.sc.us

Irregularly Shaped District
District 1

Irregularly Shaped District
District 6

· Parts of Charleston and Myrtle Beach
· White, affluent, suburban
· Majority Republican, with strong environmental and anti-development feelings held by some coastal residents
· 78% white; 20% black; 1% Asian; 1% Hispanic

· Central and south—includes parts of Charleston
· Majority-black district
· Poorest district in the state (has five of the state’s poorest counties)
· Heavily Democratic
· 37% white; 62% black; 1% Hispanic