Hawaii Redistricting 2000

Hawaii’s Political Lineup

 

1991

2001

Governor

D

D

State Senate

22D, 3R

22D, 3R

State House

45D, 6R

32D, 19R

US Senators

2D

2D

US Reps

2D

2D

 

Redistricting Deadline

The redistricting deadline is October 26, 2001; the final plan must be filed with the Chief Election Officer by this date (150 days from the date members of the Reapportionment commission were certified).

Who’s in Charge of Redistricting?

An all-civilian, nine-member Reapportionment Commission draws both congressional and legislative districts. It must be formed by May 1st of the year in which reapportionment takes place, per the Hawaii state constitution. The commission is made of members named by the speaker of the house (appoints two), the president of the senate (two), and the minority leaders in both houses (each appoint two). The first eight members choose the ninth member.

Districting Principles

Principle

Congressional

State Legis.

Compactness


+

Contiguity


+

Political sub.


+

Communities


+

District cores



Incumbents


--

VRA § 5

+

+

+ = required              -- = prohibited         a = allowed

Public Access

Well-publicized public hearings are to be held around the state. Citizens can also propose their own plans. Hawaii's redistricting websiteis now online, with plans, maps, criteria for reapportionment, FAQs, do-it-yourself redistricting software, meeting minutes, laws governing redistricting, an online calendar of events, and more.  There are numerous public hearings scheduled throughout September--please see What's New for details.

Political Landscape

The combination of a Reapportionment Commission, the small number of U.S. House districts and the Democrats’ domination of the state legislature makes redistricting a relatively uncontroversial process. The 1991 redistricting changed little in Hawaii, and little change is expected in 2001.

Legal Issues

No cases. The legislature in 2000 sought to resolve a dilemma involving a change to four-year, staggered terms for state senators. All seats are to be elected in 2002, including those of senators elected in 2000. Some interpreted the current law to mean that if an incumbent in such a race wins, that incumbent will have a four-year term, but a challenger in such a race would only serve a two-year term.

Legislation/Reform Efforts

An appointed commission in the late 1990's assessed the state’s redistricting process. It concluded that there was a lack of public understanding about the redistricting process and that better and timelier access to redistricting data would be important to prepare the public for redistricting hearings.

Irregularly Shaped District
Island districts are inherently irregular


 

Contact Information

Jean K. Mardfin
Researcher Legislative Reference Bureau
State Capitol, Rm. 004
Honolulu, HI 96813
808/587-0666
808/587-0681 Fax mardfin@capitol.hawaii.gov

Dwayne Yoshina
Chief Election Officer
State of Hawaii
802 Lehua Avenue
Pearl City, HI 96782
808/453-8683
808/453-6006 Fax dwayne_yoshina@exec.state.hi.us