Virginia Electoral SituationAbsentee ballots require an excuse: yes
Early voting: yes
Felons: An individual convicted of a felony is ineligible to vote in the Commonwealth of Virginia. There are two avenues by which one can regain the right to vote: one which only restores that right, and a second which restores a broader array of civil rights, such as the right to run for office or serve on a jury. The first option is done through either the local circuit court of residence or the circuit court in which the individual was convicted. To qualify, the applicant must be free from criminal convictions for at least five years after the completion of the sentence and supervisory period, and must demonstrate civic responsibility through community or comparable service. The petition for the right to vote is not open to persons convicted of violent offenses or drug manufacturing or distribution. While the application process goes through the circuit courts, an affirmative recommendation by the court for the restoration of the right to vote must still be approved by the Governor. The second process, by way of which one can regain all civil rights lost as a result of conviction (although the right to possess and transport firearms is not reinstated), is an application for restoration of rights directly to the Governor, handled through the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. Individuals with convictions for nonviolent crimes, including drug possession, must be free from any felony or misdemeanor convictions and have no pending charges for three years from the date of final discharge from the criminal justice system, meaning that all sentences, including probation and parole, and all associated fees and court costs have been paid. The terms for individuals with convictions for violent crimes and individuals convicted of drug manufacturing or distribution are the same as for convictions for nonviolent crimes, although the waiting period is five years from the date of final discharge.
ID Laws: All voters need: Acceptable forms of identification include the following: Virginia voter identification card; Valid Virginia driver's license; Military ID; Any Federal, state or local government-issued ID; Employer issued photo ID card; Social Security card New ID Requirements for Certain Voters : For persons who registered to vote in Virginia by mailing their registration applications on or after January 1, 2003, the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002 requires those persons to show identification (ID) when voting for the first time in a federal election if they did not send a copy of one of these IDs with their voter registration applications. Any of the following types of ID are acceptable: A current and valid photo ID (for example a driver’s license); or a current utility bill, bank statement, government check or paycheck that shows name and address; or another government document that shows name and address (for example a voter card). This new federal ID requirement applies the first time a person votes in any federal election, either on the day of the election or by absentee ballot.
Mandatory poll worker/election official training: no
Paper trail: no
Provisional ballot validity determined by jurisdiction of voter, not precinct: no
Registration deadline: Register by noon on the second Monday before the election, or next business day if Monday is a holiday.
Uniform voting system: no