Dubious Democracy 2003-2004Welcome to our 2003 release of Dubious Democracy. For comparison, please visit our 2001 report and our Monopoly Politics reports from 2002 and 2004. You can also access state-level analyses of Massachusetts and Texas.
We believe presenting this information effectively is extremely important. There is a disturbing and powerful message in the array of numbers in this report. We hope all visitors to this site will leave it with a better understanding of U.S. House elections -- and why democracy as practiced in elections to the U.S. House of Representatives has indeed become all too "dubious."
The report features state-by-state statistics on U.S. House elections from 1982 to 2002. It has important information on voter participation and on the degree of competition - or lack thereof - in states over this period of time. Below are links to each state and to our national summary pages. Please contact us by email or phone at 301-270-4616 if you have any questions.
- Introduction of our findings and their significance
- Minority rule: how many Americans voted for a majority of the House of Representatives?
Data and methodology
Complete data set and methodology, including a template for conducting dubious democracy analyses of state legislative elections and links to official US House results.
Ranking the States
- Representation Index
- Landslide Index
- Average Margin of Victory
- Seats to Votes Distortion
- Democracy Index